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古玩城2019精品推荐第11期:关金劵

关金劵是“海关金单位兑换券”的简称,为国民 党统治时期中国海关收税的计算单位。关金券发行之初,正面为孙中山先生半身像,印有地名和“凭票即付”等字样,背面图样为上海海关大楼,均为直型。原来海关收税为银两,1929年世界银价大落,影响关税收入。银价持续下跌虽有助于中国对外贸易的发展,但对偿还外债而言,则增加了负担。政府于1930年1月决定征收金币,以值0.601866克纯金为单位作标准计算,称“海关金单位”,合美金0.40元;1930年中央银行即委托美国钞票企业印制关金兑换券;1931年5月中央银行正式发行关金券,作为缴纳关税之用。

As the abbreviation of "exchange certificate of Customs Gold Unit", it is the unit of calculation of Chinese customs in the period of Kuomintang. At the beginning of the issuance of the certificate, the bust of Dr. Sun Yat-sen was on the front, with the names of the places and the words "pay as you go" printed on it. The back of the certificate was the Shanghai customs building, all of which were straight type. In 1929, the world silver price fell sharply, which affected the customs revenue. Although the continuous decline of silver price is conducive to the development of China's foreign trade, it increases the burden on the repayment of foreign debts. In January 1930, the government decided to collect gold coins, which were calculated based on the unit of 0.601866 grams of pure gold, known as "Customs Gold Unit", equivalent to US $0.40; in 1930, the central bank entrusted the US banknote company to print the customs money exchange voucher; in May 1931, the central bank officially issued the customs money voucher as the purpose of paying customs duties.

 

【名称】:关金券

[name] :customs certificate

【类别】钱币

Class: Coins

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